Showing posts with label TECHNOLOGY UAV ASIA. Show all posts
Showing posts with label TECHNOLOGY UAV ASIA. Show all posts

Wednesday, December 22, 2010


PT. Aviator Teknologi Indonesia (PT.ATI) diacara Indo-Defense 2008. How not, the technology we should have mastered 15 years ago has now been realized. Better late than never. Actually, research and development (R & D) is long enough to do, namely from 2000 which was first pioneered by the Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT). One of the companies that participated were coupled BPPT PT.ATI.
Until now cooperation still exists, especially in terms of facilities and infrastructure. As hardware and systems used in aircraft non-crew this. The first prototype PT.ATI never introduced at the end of 2005, by displaying the aircraft TUAV (Tactical Unmaned Aerial Vehicle) first. Smart Eagle I. R & D Results BPPT also now been shown encouraging results with has made several prototypes Puna (Nir-crew aircraft), up to now there are 10 units with three variants are made. Namely variants Woodpecker, Crow and Wulung, with the advantages of each.
Puna AUV

Many rapid progress of the development of Puna up to this time, one of them integrated the ability to fly (auto-pilot). Where a heading, bearing, altitude and so forth can be input-by-system into the 'brain' Puna.

In addition, Ground-Control-unit station is also able to control it manually past the horizon boundary, approximately 40-60km. The plan for 2009 will range Puna will be increased until it reaches a height of 120km with operation up to 2,300 meters.

Smart Eagle UAV

UAV Products PT.ATI more devoted to military needs, such as: real-time intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, target acquisition, and other support artilery. One of the flagship is the TUAV Smart Eagle II (SE II). Thanks to this ability is said Puna suited for reconnaissance missions, photographing or other military activities.

Puna powered by engines 'Limbach' German-made high-octane fuel (Pertamax Plus), with a capacity of up to 40-liter tank. In a test try, for 1 hour flight requires the fuel consumption of about 9 liters.
Unlike its predecessor, the SE II is much better performance even with Puna though. Range of operational reach 150Km from Base-station. Similarly, design, communication systems and control, mobility, payload, operational-cost and very easy to operate.

Broadly speaking UAV separated in three parts, namely air vehicle (water vehicle), cargo (payload), and the control station (ground control station). These three sections are progressively refined, especially in terms of engines and devices elektronisnya.

SE II uses a diameter of 2-stroke 150cc engine, with low noise level. For a full tank of fuel capacity SE II is capable of flying up to 6 hours. Electronic devices is not less complete, besides the flight avionics SE II is also equipped with color TV camera with zoom capability and a better picture is clear. SE II is also capable of operating in the evenings using the Thermal Imaging System (TIS) Camera for penginderaannya options.

SE II reaches a body length of 3.6 meters, 4.8 meter wingspan and height (from ground to tip of tail fin is about 1 meter. With an empty weight of 65Kg and a maximum takeoff weight (maximum take-off weight) 100kg, with a carrying cargo loads weighing 20kg
cruising distance flying SE II includes two hours to and back from surgery and four hours to action. Gasoline have capital of 20 liters / 15kg, SE II is capable of flying as high as 30km with a normal cruising speed (cruise speed) 120Km/jam. However, in emergencies SE II flying speed can be boosted up to 150Km/jam order to reach locations as far as 300 kilometers.


There is a growing interest in Japan in MAV (miniature air vehicle), especially among university researchers. The purpose of the research in this area relates to potential civilian applications. For example, MAVs can be used as a useful tool for disaster observation and rescue operations. Some people use rotary wing MAVs for their research. One company has already developed a co-axial rotor MAV with a weight of 23,3 grams and a rotor diameter of 13.6 cm. One university researcher is developing a quadri-rotor MAV with a length of 50cm and a weight of 300grams.

Today more than 2300 unmanned helicopters are in service in Japan for agricultural applications, and more than 12000 operators have a license for unmanned helicopters in Japan. In 2007, about 220 new unmanned helicopters were registered and UAS sales represented approximately 30 million US dollars, including spare parts sales.

FFOS UAV- Fuji Heavy Industries

The history of unmanned helicopters goes back twenty years. Since then the Japanese farming industry has been plagued with problems like the aging of the work force and a lack of younger generation successors. In light of this situation, various kinds of unmanned helicopters were developed to spray pesticides on rice fields in Japan. In 1989 only 106 unmanned helicopters and 469 operators were registered. Each figure has increased by more than 20 times in 18 years. The Japan UAV Association (JUAV) is the only organization
representing the industries which develop, manufacture and operate unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) in Japan.
SkySurveyor - Hirobo,
JUAV revised ‘Safety Standards for Commercial-Use, Unmanned, and Rotary Wing Aircraft in Uninhabited Area’ by adding autonomous unmanned helicopters to the manual operated unmanned helicopters. The old ‘Safety Standards’ certified the aircraft, the pilot, the mechanic, and maintenance shop only for manually operated unmanned helicopters, such as Yamaha RMAX and the Fuji RPH2. However, the new ‘Safety
Standards’ are revised to include autonomous unmanned helicopters. Based on these standards the Yamaha RMAX G1 was certificated in January 2008.

MARS UAV- Mitsubishi Electric
Adding these ‘Safety Standards’ for Rotary - Wing Aircraft, JUAV has also established ‘Safety Standards for Commercial-use, Unmanned, Fixed-Wing Aircraft (maximum take-off weight: from 20 kg to 50 kg; maximum airspeed: 70m/s or less) in uninhabited areas’.

JUAV is now examining establishment of ‘Safety Standards for Smaller Commercial-use, Unmanned, Fixed-wing Aircraft (maximum take-off weight: less than 20 kg; maximum airspeed: 35m/s or less) both in uninhabited areas and in inhabited areas’. For enhancing these Safety Standards, JUAV and JAXA (Japan
Aerospace Exploration Agency) decided to collaborate and establish a Working Group (WG) to discuss standards for commercial use UAS, especially outside of segregated airspace. The goal of this working group is to establish the required standards by 2010.

RPH-1 UAV - Fuji Heavy

Japan Military Made Variant Series Helicopter UAV By Yamaha

R-50 UAV, RMAX UAV, RMAX-II UAV (Yamaha), YH300, AYH-3 (Yanmar) and RPH2 (FHI) Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are often associated with clandestine military operations. In Japan, however, unmanned helicopters for spraying of agricultural chemicals are more the norm in the domestic market. Currently, 2005 such helicopters are operative for crop dusting 663,000 hectares of rice paddies and fields of other crops. Labor saving efficiencies for the shrinking farming population contribute to the growth trends of the use of unmanned helicopters.

In addition to the agricultural application, Japan Defense Agency (JDA) plans to introduce UAVs as part of the missile defense system as part of the Mid-Term Defense Program (FY2005-FY2009). It is reported that the potential introduction of the U.S. Global Hawk and other models will be considered and compared with the benefits of the domestically producing UAVs in the coming years. New-to-entry U.S. suppliers of UAVs and related technology are advised to seek industry partners knowledgeable of domestic needs and constraints regarding UAV market opportunities.

On August 10, 2005, the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force (GSDF) troops stationed in Samawah, Iraq, temporarily suspended their operations for Iraqi reconstruction assistance due to local unrest. To cope with this unrest – without a show of force the GSDF launched an unmanned helicopter patrol in response to the repeated incidents of rocket and mortar fire aimed at the Japanese troops. A year earlier, the Japanese government took steps to deploy unmanned patrol helicopters in Iraq, marking a first time deployment of UAVs for Japan in an active combat zone.

In Japan, unmanned helicopters were initially developed for agricultural pest control as an efficient labor saving technique for Japan’s shrinking farming population. Government and private initiatives resulted in the first commercialization of unmanned agricultural helicopters in 1991. This initial deployment was capable of covering approximately 6,000 hectare of farmland. The GSDF unmanned patrol helicopters remodeled with night vision cameras were commercially available unmanned helicopters actually manufactured for the use of spraying agricultural chemicals.

R-50 UAV
According to Nosuikyo - a trade association affiliated with the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) as of March 2005, the total farming area under unmanned helicopter-operated crop dusting had expanded to 663,000 hectares, with the number of registered helicopters at 2005 units and the number of operators at 10,719 persons. Both the area and the number of operators for unmanned helicopter-operated pest control have shown 10% to 20% annual growth in recent years. The per-unit coverage now averages 331 hectare annually.

UAVs have been a hot R&D topic in the Japanese defense community. Japan Defense Agency (JDA) noted in its 2005 Defense White Paper the growing importance of UAVs in military operations, citing the advantages of deploying UAVs for intelligence gathering in the enemycontrolled area, extended hours of operations in the inhumanly harsh environments, and for emergency tasks, such as observing erupting volcanoes, in natural disaster surroundings.

JDA notes that there are currently about 80 models of UAVs in operation in about 40 countries, including Japan. At the high-end, are the U.S. Global Hawk, Predator and Eagle Eye. Of the short-range types, are the Israeli Hermes 1500, Hunter and the U.S. Fire Scout. Japan lists a high-altitude stationary UAV, a multi-purpose small-sized medium-range UAV, a UAV research system, a short-range new UAV patrol system and a compact-range FFOS UAV as indigenous models.

In the Mid-Term Defense Program (FY2005-2009), JDA is planning to introduce UAVs as part of the missile defense system. As a preliminary step, a survey will be proposed in the next fiscal year on the potential introduction of the U.S. Global Hawk and other models and as well as a budget for R&D on communications and other systems required for UAVs. The U.S. Global Hawk flies at the altitude of approximately 20,000 meters, staying aloft for over 35 hours. It is estimated to cost $46 million to $56 million per unit. At the same time, the Technical Research & Development Institute (TRDI) of JDA has, since FY2003, been conducting the basic research on domestic production of UAVs for about $22 million (according to the Yomiuri Shimbum, August 22, 2005).

Similarly, in its FY2006 budget proposal, JDA plans to conduct a survey on operations of UAVs in Australia and other countries that are preparing to introduce UAVs in military operations, prior to conducting their assessment of UAVs. No procurement of imported UAVs is planned yet. JDA continues its R&D at the TRDI on materials and components, including a wind tunnel experiment of an extremely elongated main wing in preparations for possible development of UAVs domestically (according to Wing, September 7, 2005).

Tuesday, December 7, 2010

India And Pakistan Made Technologies UAV

India made Lashya UAV and Nishant UAV

India has been a major buyer of UAVs, especially from Israeli manufacturers. But government and military officials also have been pushing for an increased indigenous capability. One way to upgrade the country’s own
technology is through joint development programs with others, as announced at Aero India 2009 in February. Ashok Baweja, chair of Hindustan Aeronautics, reported that HAL and Israeli Aerospace Industries have undertaken a joint program to develop helicopter UAVs. Baweja said one prototype has been developed for trial, and that India’s navy has placed an order for eight of the new UAVs. India’s primary UAV manufacturer has been DRDO, with its mid-size Rustom, Lakshya UAV, and Nishant/Gagan UAV reconnaissance and surveillance platforms.

Facing a growing Indian UAV capability, and angry over U.S. UAV operations against al- Qaida and its supporters along the Afghan border, Pakistan has been seeking to advance its own unmanned capabilities, already among the most vigorous in the region. More than half a dozen companies are reported to have at least 30 UAV models under development or in production. The most active is Integrated Dynamics. All of the known Pakistani UAVs are small, short-range aircraft, primarily designed for reconnaissance and surveillance or as aerial targets.

China Develope Technology Xing Long UAV By Dozen Aircraft

Xing Long UAV

One of the few opportunities to see what China is doing in UAVs comes at the annual Air Show China. That was the case at the 7th Air Show in November 2008, but, as with previous Chinese exhibitions, what was real and what was illusion were difficult to separate. Nonetheless, it appeared to show, for the first time in public, the extent of China’s UAV effort more than a dozen aircraft from multiple state-run manufacturers.
Those numbers remain hard to validate, however.

Aerospace America has found references, with varying degrees of detail, to 41 primary UAVs and variants from 14 different manufacturers (including the air force). For this year, however, we could find updated information on only 23, and little or no verification on the remainder. It also is possible that some of these refer to one aircraft by multiple names, noting slightly different specifications. That also could account for the multiple aircraft with pictures or descriptions indicating they are downsized replicas, at least outwardly, of the U.S. Global Hawk.