Showing posts with label THECHNOLOGY UAV EUROPE. Show all posts
Showing posts with label THECHNOLOGY UAV EUROPE. Show all posts

Friday, March 4, 2011

Northrop Grumman’s MQ‐8B Fire Scout UAV, RQ‐4 Global Hawk And X‐47B UCAV BAE System Technology

The most significant rotary‐wing UAV programme at present is Northrop Grumman’s MQ‐8B Fire Scout. Fire Scout has been selected as the Class IV UAV in the US Army’s FCS programme, and as the vertical take‐off unmanned aerial vehicle (VTUAV) for the USN.

The US Army Fire Scout’s primary role will be to provide ISTAR. As with the US Army’s Fire Scout, the USN’s variant will principally act in an ISTAR role. The USN has outlined three potential mission areas for Fire Scout; in antisubmarine operations, surface warfare and mine‐warfare. Upon completion of the engineering manufacturing and development phase, an MQ‐8B is to be trialled aboard the Oliver Hazard Perryclass frigate USS McInerney. Further trials will then follow aboard Littoral Combat Ships.

MQ‐8B Fire Scout
Northrop Grumman RQ‐4 Global Hawk

With a planned roll‐out in October and first flight early in the first quarter of 2010, the EuroHawk is a Northrop Grumman RQ‐4 Global Hawk Block 20 that is being developed as an unmanned replacement for the German navy’s Dassault‐Breguet Atlantic signals intelligence aircraft.

NORTHROP GRUMMAN RQ‐4B GLOBAL HAWK BLOCK 40 The latest model to debut in the RQ‐4b series was scheduled to complete first flight in late July 2009. The USAF ultimately plans to buy 15 examples of the Block 40 type.


Rolled out on the 16th December 2008, first flight of the X‐47B is on track for the fourth quarter this year. Flight trials at sea are scheduled to begin in 2011. The demonstration has also been expanded to include an aerial refuelling component during the later stages of the programme, which is funded up to fiscal year 2013. The UCAS‐D programme survived a cancellation threat last year. USN officials last year revealed a new plan to bridge to a new acquisition programme called F/A‐XX after 2020, with both manned and unmanned aircraft under study.

Thursday, December 23, 2010

UK Armed Forces Watchkeeper UAV Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance Capability

Watchkeeper UAV

ST Electronics’ US simulation company, MÄK Technologies (MÄK) and Antycip Simulation have been awarded a contract by VEGA Group PLC to supply MÄK’s commercial-off-the-shelf toolkit VR-Forces to support the Watchkeeper UAV (Unmanned Air Vehicle) Programme for the UK Ministry of Defence. Under contract to Thales UK, VEGA will be responsible for managing the development and delivery of a training solution for both operator and maintenance crews for the Watchkeeper UAV system. Watchkeeper will provide the UK armed forces with an essential Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance capability, based on a tactical UAV system, and will be a key component of the UK’s drive for Network Enabled Capability.

“VR-Forces is a robust and flexible Computer Generated Force (CGF), making it the choice for many large simulation and training programmes like Watchkeeper UAV,” said Mr Marc Schlackman, Vice President of Marketing and Sales at MÄK Technologies. “MÄK is pleased to be chosen by VEGA to help meet the training needs of the Watchkeeper UAV system in the United Kingdom.”

Cubic is delivering its Tactical Common Data Link (TCDL) for the UK Ministry of Defence’s WATCHKEEPER Program. Recognized as Europe’s largest and most extensive UAV program,
WATCHKEEPER will provide the British Forces with essential intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition and reconnaissance capability. Cubic’s high-speed TCDL will serve as the wireless connection for
transferring data and images from multiple UAVs to control ground stations. The WATCHKEEPER
Program, expected to become operational in 2010, is designed to meet UK requirement for a networkenabled capability.

The system will provide 24/7 surveillance in all types of weather conditions without the need to deploy
troops into sensitive or harmful environments. Cubic is delivering its data link products under a contract awarded by UAV Tactical Systems, a subcontractor to the Thales UK WATCHKEEPER Prime Contract Management Office. The TCDL offers speed, versatility and jam-resistance. Using commercial high-speed Digital Signal Processing techniques, Cubic’s TCDL encrypts, multiplexes, encodes, transmits, receives,
demultiplexes and routes the data to the platforms.

The surveillance platform for WATCHKEEPER is the Hermes 450 UAV. Designated the WK450, this medium-size UAV can stay airborne for almost 20 hours. The aircraft uses optical, infrared and radar sensors to observe stationary and moving targets in all-weather day and night conditions. Its real-time data feeds will offer commanders greater situational awareness and operational flexibility than existing British tactical platforms.

Key Features
„„- Ku-band CDL Transceiver
„„- 200 kbps to 10.71 Mbps
-„„ CDL Compliant
-„„ Internal Encryption
-„„ 2 Omni Antennas

Performance Characteristics
- Frequency Ku-band (transmit & receive)
- Standard CDL Compliant
- Waveform
- Data Rate 200 kbps – 10.71 Mbps
- Transmit Power 10 Watts
- Transmit Mode Full-duplex Interfaces 2 Ethernet Channels Analog Audio (input & output) Analog Video and Control  (input and output) Encryption UK “Type 1 equivalent”

Physical Characteristics
- Size 14.6 in. W; 15.9 in. L; 7.3 in. H
- Weight 24.4 lbs.
- Power Consumption 215 W Maximum
- Primary Power 28 Vdc
- Vibration & Shock DEF STAN 00-35
-Temperature -34º C to +50º C

European UAV Programme Research and Development

Most EU members have either acquired or will soon acquire UAVs. However, the combined EU efforts are small compared to the US acquisitions. As noted earlier, in three years (US Fiscal Years 2004, 2005 and 2006) the US bought 295 UAVs15. In the same period EU members bought less then 100. Budget-wise one can compare the US expenditure of US$2.66bn in just those three years, with the fact that the full UK Watchkeeper UAV programme, which covers most of UK UAV acquisitions for the coming decade, will cost about half of that expenditure.

The most urgent requirements are for tactical, MALE and HALE long-range UAVs. Interestingly there seems to be less interest in mini- and micro-UAVs, despite the fact that several EU members are involved in conflicts where the US found a strong need for such systems.

Many UAVs planned or in service with EU Member States are not of EU origin, even in those states that have an indigenous industry capable of producing them. The strong position of Israeli companies in developing UAVs is obvious. Although they provide many of the UAVs ordered by EU states, often these are ‘disguised’ as a European product, produced at least nominally by a European company. Frequently, the systems are given different designations to further hide their origin. For example, in 1998, Belgium ordered three B-Hunter UAV systems with 18 UAVs.

They were produced by a consortium specifically set up for the production Eagle, owned 50 per cent by Sonaca (Belgium),  per cent by Thales-Belgium (Belgium) and 25 per cent by IAI (Israel). It is interesting to note is that only two other UAVs competed for the order: the French Sperwer and the Swiss Ranger. The latter is reality is another Israeli UAV produced by a European company sysytem.

The strong position of the two main Israeli UAV producers, IAI and Elbit, is also reflected in the fact that the UK selected the Elbit Hermes-450 UAV for its Watchkeeper programme (and renaming it Hermes, WK-450), and from the fact that France bought Heron UAVs from IAI as an ‘interim’ solution for its MALE programme (and renaming Heron, Eagle). The Eagle will be used by EADS reconnaissance systems. France requires up to 24 MALE UAVs and is most likely to order Eagle-2 UAVs, developed by IAI and EADS from the Eagle-1, which probably means that IAI will deliver a version of its Heron-2 UAV fitted with EADS sensors.

U.K Military Made Herti-IA AND Corax UAV BAE SYSYTEMS


Several MALE UAV systems are being developed by European companies. Two of these are pure European efforts. BAE (UK) is developing the Herti-1A MALE based on a Polish powered glider airframe. Dassault (France), Alenia (Italy) and Saab (Sweden) agreed in June 2007 to develop a MALE, based on expertise gained from the Neuron project and probably absorbing Alenia’s own Sky-Y MALE technology demonstrator programme. Other European partners are planned and while it is a company initiative, funding from EU governments is sought.

It is interesting that the new Dassault/Alenia/Saab programme seems to contradict a 2004 Dassault-EADS agreement whereby Dassault would take responsibility for UCAV and EADS for MALE development. Other programmes are based on Israeli or US technology with different degrees of European input: the French Eagle and the British Watchkeeper programmes use Israeli UAV aircraft with locally-developed payloads; the RQ-1 is assembled in Italy and carries a US-produced payload.

Most recent are EU efforts to develop a HALE UAV. EADS initiated development of an Advanced UAV in 2005 with support from France and Germany, and in 2007 Spain joined the project. A formal development contract, which includes Thales and Indra, is expected soon and the project is open for additional industrial or country participants.

The UK has launched two programmes, Taranis and Corax (Raven). BAe Systems, which has financed UAV/UCAV development for the past decade, has been appointed to lead a UK industrial team for the UK-government funded £124m (€185m) Taranis development in 2006. Taranis is a long range UCAV, the size of a small combat aircraft, powered by a full size turbofan and will have intercontinental range. Taranis builds on the experiences of the BAe-developed Kestrel and Corax UAVs.

Currently, Taranis is designated a demonstrator programme, meant to develop a working UCAV, but not necessarily an operational system. Corax is basically a high-end UAV development, using stealth technologies, under development since 2003 and unveiled in 2006. The aircraft is large enough to function as a UCAV. A third programme in which UK with industry involvement is the X-48B, a reduced-size prototype has been built by Cranfield Aerospace for the US company Boeing.

Wednesday, December 22, 2010



In today‘s and future combat scenarios, targets in hostile areas have to be destroyed without endangering friendly forces and civilians and without exposing own troops to enemy fire. The combat UAV TAIFUN is a system especially designed for such missions.

TAIFUN can search, identify and destroy targets in a designated area within a range of 200 km with „man in the loop“ target selection, identification and supervision of target approach. The attack can be interrupted until latest 5 seconds before impact. The Taifun UAV is then available for another mission. Through their presence, TAIFUN air vehicles are capable of maintaining the threat to hostile forces for many hours.

Mobile and stationary high-value single targets or groups of targets that are armored or unarmored are engaged by the TAIFUN system.

- Command posts
- Air defence systems
- Artillery systems
- Tanks
- Helicopters
- Mobile war bridges
- Infrastructure
- Forces on the move
- Other valuable targets

Air Vehicle
The container launched air vehicle is a cross-wing type with pusher-propeller, designed for high point-precision target engagement in steep dive. The spectral ranges of the air vehicle are camouflaged by the application of various radar-absorbing constructions (stealth technology), engine sound attenuation and special exhaust ducts. Thanks to its low signature and its small dimensions the air vehicle is difficult to detect and engage.

Phoenix Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) BAE System UK Army

The Phoenix Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) developments represent an appealing research area due to its wide range application field. In terms of military application it might be mentioned: hostile zone reconnaissance, hazardous biological or chemical agent detection, etc. Within civilian field, we can cite the natural disaster support,assistance for earth science research, agricultural support, etc.

Conventional tiltrotor vehicles, such as the Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey, are mechanically complex systems since it employs a swashplate and differential rotor tilting to control pitch and yaw, respectively. This represents a drawback in terms of maintenance and replacement cost. Moreover, these vehicles may not be a handy tool for repetitive test flights due to its crash vulnerability. For these reasons we propose a configuration, called Phoenix UAV, which copes with the pitch-yaw motion using a simpler mechanical system based on rotors (noncyclic propellers) tilting.

This paper describes the first stage of an undergoing project to develop an aircraft that blends the vertical lift capability of a helicopter with the horizontal flight performance of an airplane. This kind of vehicles does not requires a run-way or an auxiliary launch/recovering device, such as catapultes or parachutes, because of its vertical take-off/landing capabilities.

In Gress [2002] and Gress [2003] the author proposes and implements a relative complex configuration to carry out hover flight taking advantage of the gyroscopic effect provided by the tilting rotors. It is worth pointing up that driving the pitch angle, represents a challenge because the contribution of gyroscopic-based on torque is not strong enough to cope with the pitch dynamics. In Kendoul et al. [2002] the authors present the mathematical model and simulation results of a backstepping algorithm in order to stabilize a tilt-rotor vehicle inspired by Gress’s mechanism.

Phoenix UAV

Desert Hawk 3 (DH3) UAV And Hermes 450 UAV U.K Army Defense Security

Desert Hawk 3 (DH3) UAV and Hermes 450 UAV United Kingdom

Desert Hawk 3 UAVThis system provides dedicated ‘next block/over the hill’ situational awareness support to the Battlegroup Commander and below. It is currently deployed in both Iraq and Afghanistan, and has even featured in recent Army recruiting videos. The outline capability has: EO/IR FMV Sensors, one-hour endurance and range limited to about 10km. DH 3 is deployed as a system comprising a Ground Station, Remote Viewing Terminal and up to eight air vehicles. Having been procured as a UOR, the requirement for a Mini-UAV capability seems likely to endure.

Hermes 450 UAV 
This system was procured as a UOR to fill the FMV gap resulting from Phoenix going out of service in 2008, and Watchkeeper’s entry into service in the next decade. Although it provides a step change in capability from Phoenix, it is less capable than Watchkeeper. It currently provides two missions of 14 hours EO/IR FMV per day in both operational theatres and will eventually be comprised of two GCS and five UAV. The capability is provided as a service by Thales/Elbit with military UAV operators from 32 Regiment RA controlling the mission and contractor UAV pilots controlling the take-off/landing phase.

Following the cancellation of two new weapon platforms1 in the last two years and the Government’s recently announced intent to agree to a treaty banning artillery-fired and other cluster munitions, one might be forgiven for thinking that the future for UK Field Artillery was looking bleak; nothing could be further from the truth. UK Artillery is widely employed supporting current operations, so much so that although the Royal Artillery only comprises 7% of the British Army, some 8% of the operationally deployed manpower are Gunners and
they are all in a Gunner role.

Before looking in detail at the future plans for UK Artillery it’s worth stepping back and noting some strategic trends as this will enable the plans to be seen in context. UK Military Doctrine has for many years cited the Core Functions of Find, Fix, Strike and Exploit. In recent years, there has been a widely acknowledged strategic shift from Strike to Find, and this was re-emphasised by the Commander UK Field Army at the recent RUSI Future Land Warfare Conference when he said, “Find is the turn-key; the 21st Century’s opportunity”.

UK Field Artillery is following, and in some respects leading, this shift. Under the Future Army Structures work in 2004, the Army’s UAV Regiment grew from three batteries, equipped with the Phoenix UAV, to four batteries in anticipation of the introduction into service of the Watchkeeper UAV. The Army’s Surveillance and Target Acquisition (STA) Regiment also grew, from two batteries to three, on the introduction into service of the Cobra and Mamba Weapon Locating Radars (WLR) and these capabilities have been continuously deployed on operations ever since.

There has also been an explosive growth in the number of Forward Air Controllers (FAC), who are increasingly integrated into Fire Support Teams (FST), combining both FACs and Forward Observation Officers into a single team able to plan, call for and direct the fire of surfaceto surface and air-to-surface fires. Forming these teams and equipping them with the latest STA systems is enabling a huge step forward in the UK’s Joint Fires capability.

As well as increasing the size of the artillery’s ISTAR units, there is also a considerable investment being made in future equipment, with by far the biggest single procurement being the Watchkeeper UAV, which will provide persistent allweather ISTAR support to the land commander. Watchkeeper is due to enter service in 2010 and is derived from the proven HERMES 450, but significantly modified to meet UK user requirements:

•Twin STA payload (Electro-Optic/Infra Red Full Motion Video (EO/IR FMV) and radar).
• Secure, jam resistant, frequency agile datalinks.
• Rugged undercarriage for tactical landing strips and expeditionary operations.
• Automatic take-off and landing system.
• De-icing to enable all-weather operations.
• Laser range finder/marker/designator.

The Watchkeeper programme buys three batteries of equipment, although there will be another battery of
manpower to meet the requirement to support enduring operations. Each battery of equipment will provide up to four lines of tasking with ten Air Vehicles and four Ground Control Stations (GCS).

Tuesday, December 21, 2010

German Made KZO UAV Electronic Warfare Support Airborne Signal Detection and Signal Jamming


In present-day operational scenarios, it is becoming increasingly important for armed forces to establish information-gathering superiority. This applies just as much to crisis-response operations as to peacemaking and peacekeeping missions. RDE’s tactical signal-acquisition and signal-jamming systems can be combined with other systems to provide a means of determining the mission tactics of the enemy before the commencement of military action, and then to engage/suppress these enemy systems by spatially selective jamming of specific frequencies at appropriate times and locations. Our tactical KZO UAVs represent an operationally reliable and cost-efficient reconnaissance solution for modern armies. Because of their modular design, and their combinability with other systems, they can be deployed anywhere in the world.

 Electronic-warfare support measures (EWSM) with signal-detectingreconnaissance KZO UAVs

missions requiring remote functionality. Remote functionality is provided when the UAVs are operated in conjunction with manned systems. The frequency range which can be reconnoitred is:
20 MHz to 3000 MHz (extendable to 100 GHz by means of add-on modules).

Continuous signal-detecting reconnaissance operations in the mission area are possible for periods of up to 4 hours. The KZO UAVs with EWSM functionality can be operated in swarms of 4 units (or, if appropriate, in combination with electronic-countermeasure (ECM) devices. Example: KZO UAV with EWSM functionality + 3 ECM devices. Reconnaissance depth: up to 180 km.

The KZO UAVs with EWSM functionality can be used to detect :
- VHF / UHF combat net radio
-  mobile radio
- line-of-sight radio and radar

Operational modes:
- Wide-area detection
- Specific reconnaissance tasks
- Surveillance
The reconnaissance payload in the KZO UAV consists of: an antenna system with
– a triple-band array
– correlation DF, and
– high-resolution DF processing;
- a detection and preprocessing unit with
– a direction finder
– a processing unit
– a data-reduction system
– a control unit;
- a power-supply unit.
System platform:
- Basic configuration as for the KZO system. In general, KZO subsystems and ground organization can be used.

Electronic countermeasures (ECM) with jamming-enabled KZO UAVs
Frequency cover is provided in the range between 20 MHz and 3000 MHz (extendable to 100 GHz by means of add-on modules). Continuous jamming in the mission area can be provided for periods of up to 4 h.
The electronic-countermeasure UAVs are used in swarms of 4. If necessary, they can be operated in combination with EWSM devices. Example: 1 EWSM device + 3 electronic-countermeasure UAVs. Depth of penetration of an ECM swarm: 150 km.

The electronic-countermeasure KZO UAVs can be used to jam:
- VHF / UHF combat net radio
- GPS navigation systems
- mobile radio
 - line-of-sight radio and radar

Operational modes:
- broadband jamming and selective jamming
- selection of various jamming signals
- in-flight alteration of ECM data
- definition of interference-guard frequencies
- adjustment of transmitting power levels

The jamming system in the electronic-countermeasure KZO UAV comprises the following components:
- antenna system
- jamming transmitter with heat dissipator
- antenna matching device
- control computer
- power-supply unit
System platform:
- Basic configuration as for the KZO system. In general, KZO subsystems and ground organization can be used.

GEerman Military Made PatrollerTM UAV a New Dual UAV System For Long Duration Surveillance By SAGEM

PatrollerTM: a new dual UAV system for long-duration surveillance

The PatrollerTM is an optimized high-autonomy (more than 30 hours, with an operational ceiling higher than 25 000ft (7 600m)) system designed to meet defense and security needs for long-duration surveillance missions. Designed as part of a Franco-German partnership, the Patroller™ combines Sagem’s world-class knowhow in operational UAV systems and Stemme’s in high performance air vehicles.

Patroller is proposed in three versions:
- PatrollerTM-R is a long-endurance Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) designed for long surveillance missions in severe conditions in military theaters of operations. As Patroller TM-R complies with NATO standards. PatrollerTM-S is a safe and high-performance system developed to PatrollerTM-M. Designed for long duration maritime surveillance over large areas, PatrollerTM-M is also adapted to coastal surveillance and search and rescue operations including in combat situations customs control and immigration missions at sea and along coastlines. The PatrollerTM surveillance drone developed by Sagem has successfully completed its third series of test.

Patroller UAV Since Mai 2010, Patroller has been at Istres Air base for testing the triplex UAV mode. Patroller™ is capable of carrying out operational in-theater missions of both intelligence gathering and surveillance over large areas and reconnaissance and tactical support. It is also perfectly suited for Homeland Security type missions: border and coastal surveillance, protection of sensitive sites, event surveillance, etc.

The entire Patroller UAV system aircraft and ground station can be transported by C-130-type military
transport planes, meaning it can be rapidly projected and deployed.Patroller™ can carry a pod with the latest model of SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar), as well as a lowspeed SATCOM satellite link, allowing it to operate beyond the ground station’s sight range and in hilly or mountainous terrain. Designed to be totally modular and adaptable, and with a 250kg dual-pod payload capacity, it can carry other equipment depending on user needs such as an aerial relay, a maritime radar or electronic warfare means.

FRENCH ARMY Made Next Generation Sperwer Mk.II a Modernized Tactical UAV Systems Offer

Sperwer Mk.II is modernized version of the Sperwer system, with several improvements based on feedback
from Canadian, Dutch and French armed forces and the latest technological advances developed by Sagem. Sperwer Mk.II constitutes an opportunity for both current and new clients/users of the Sperwer servation and data transmission. The most important aspects of the Sperwer Mk.II system are as follows:
-Autonomy extended to six hours, with, in particular, and at high altitudes.

The Sperwer Mk.II ground station: compact and multifunctional
The new Sperwer Mk.II Ground Control Station (GCS) contains generic workstations with open
architecture. The GCS ensures permanent UAV control and reception of sensor data in real time. Its multifunction consoles allow autonomous use of mission  planning, flight monitoring and images. It can be configured and adapted to suit operational needs, the number of operators(2 to 6) and the shelter type used. As a result, it can be best integrated in complex operational environments. Light and compact, the GCS adapts to projection demands, eg, to a light precursory element (Harpon concept).

The new catapult and ground station, allowing the entire system to be air transported in a C-130 and projected more quickly in exterior theaters of operations. As a tactical UAV, the Sperwer MK.II is designed to operate without infrastructure and near ground troops. Its catapult and recovery process means it board optronic system allows it to designate targets with extreme accuracy to the advantage of effectors in the theater: artillery, heavy mortars, combat aircraft, etc. In addition, the new ERS-RVT (End Reception
Station Remote Video Terminal) can directly contact troops or advanced observers. The ERS-RVT was successfully tested in May 2009by France’s 61st Artillery Regiment, a unit of the intelligence brigade, which uses the Sperwer SDTI system.

SPERWER MKII UAVcontact troops or advanced observers. The ERS-RVT was successfully tested in May 2009 by France’s 61st Artillery Regiment, a unit of the intelligence brigade, which uses the Sperwer SDTI system.

The reference Tactical UAV in Europe The modular SPERWER system includes a Ground Control Station
(GCS) for flight control and mission analysis, a Ground Data Terminal (GDT) housing the digital radio-link
terminal, a catapult launcher and air vehicles.

SPERWER MKII Tactical UAV The Key to Successful UAV Missions

The SPERWER air vehicles: benefit from advanced avionics, catapult launch, 15 GHz data links and
interoperable ground station. This design approach has made SPERWER the leader in Tactical UAV systems. The SPERWER Unmanned Air Vehicle is the most ordered UAV in Europe. The SPERWER system is multi UAV capable: the air vehicle can be controlled simultaneously with any other one by the same mobile Ground Control Station (GCS). The GCS is provided with state-of-the-art technologies such as 3D mission planning, C4I connection, as well as a complete Geographical Information System. The GCS can be sheltered on all-terrain vehicles.

The state of the art Tactical UAV Safe and Airworthy design
• Fail-safe design and certified (based on JAR-VLA)
• Fully automated take-off and landing: no runaway required
• Advanced digital avionics suite
• Digital J Band (15 GHz) data link
• Transponder/IFF mode 3C and VHF relay to ATC

Tactical capacity
• Reduced footprint: the system can be integrated on small all-terrain vehicles
• C-130 transportability: Initial Entry Capability with one C-130
• Operation from unprepared areas: catapult launch and parachute recovery with airbags
• Real time, day and night operations
• C4I connection and interoperability

Multi-payload capacity
• Transmission relay
Multi-mission capacity
• Real time ISTAR
• Targeting (first round strike artillery accuracy)
• Endurance: 6+hours
• 2 UAVs in flight
• Hand over capability between several GCS

German Military Luna UAV Daylight and IR Sensory Aerial Reconnaissance and Surveillance System

The LUNA UAV System

LUNA is an all-weather, easy to operate unmanned air vehicle (UAV) system for real-time surveillance, reconnaissance and target location at ranges exceeding 100 km with an endurance exceeding 6 (optional 8) hours. Designed to accommodate multiple payloads, the versatile LUNA system is successfully supporting peacekeeping missions in several countries, like Kosovo and Afghanistan, where the systems operate in different climates under severe weather conditions and in difficult terrain. LUNA is a cost effective and reliable solution for military and for civilian applications.

As the system is strongly supported by automated processes, the handling of the LUNA system is easy and does not require personnel with aeronautical skills. Full crew training is accomplished within a few weeks. Still the performance of LUNA is superior to that of many conventional reconnaissance and surveillance drone systems. All system components can be transported in and operated from small vehicles or portable shelters by a small crew, allowing rapid deployment by medium transport helicopters. Taking advantage of the rapid technical progress in sensor equipment, the modular payload concept of LUNA will allow the user to always stay at the cutting edge of technology.

The LUNA Air Vehicle
The light-weight LUNA UAV is designed as a powered high-performance glider made of glass fiber composite material for long endurance and low acoustic, thermal and radar signatures. A unique feature of LUNA is its ability to perform glides without engine power with no acoustic signature and to restart the engine at any time. The microwave communication link transmits reconnaissance and system data from the UAV to the ground control station in real-time.
LUNA Ground Control Station in air-transportable
protected all-terrain vehicle

LUNA is also able to perform fully automated reconnaissance and surveillance missions, without the need of any radio emissions by the ground station. Another unique feature of LUNA is its inherent crash safety due to its glider performance and its reliable parachute release and landing system. In addition the LUNA UAV flight is permanently monitored by an autonomous terrain and obstacle collision avoidance system using 3D digital map data.

The LUNA aircraft can simply be equipped in the field with a data link relay payload, which turns the UAV into a relay drone, extending the operation of the reconnaissance drone to missions behind mountains.

The use of LUNA, however, is not limited to electro-optical observation missions. Due to its modular payload concept LUNA can be fitted with future state-of-the-art payloads, including but not limited to: Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), high resolution digital photo or video cameras, onboard data storage, meteorological sensors, radio relay equipment, sensors for land mine detection, EW payloads, gas and particle samplers, or radioactivity contamination sensors.

Ground Control Station
The Ground Control Station can be installed in any vehicle or shelter due to its modular system design. It is fitted with several work stations equipped with high resolution color monitors for real time aerial image evaluation,mission planning and air vehicle control (virtual cockpit). Complete mission playback for post mission evaluation, simulation and training can be performed in the Ground Control Station. Mission programs can be altered in flight. In mountainous terrain and on long distance missions it is of great advantage that LUNA can be handed over from ground station to ground station. Several mission planning tools are available to the operator: 2D or 3D allegation of standard maps, satellite or aerial images.

Protected workstations for LUNA operator

German Army Made High Technology Luna Aerial Unmanned System UAV-UAS

The UAV system LUNA is currently used for ground reconnaisance in confl ict areas (e.g. Kunduz, Afghanistan) in order to protect human life and equipment. The training simulation UAS-TS improves the cooperation between the UAV pilot and the sensor operator, without the need for a real-life mission fl ight.

The operational area, the fl ight behaviour and the environmental weather are simulated to a high degree of realism. Technical malfunctions of the simulated UAV as well as diffi cult situations during a mission can be activated and modifi ed by the instructor during a training session. Operational and behavioral errors can be uncovered in a subsequent 3D after-action-report. This develops a sense of routine and therefore the confi dence when operating in a real-life mission.

Virtual Real-time Simulation

• Detailed real-time mission scenarios in a virtual surrounding
• Nature-like display of the environment and weather situation
• View distances of up to 40 kilometer
• Display of air, ground and sea units in a single simulation
• Network-enabled simulation at multiple sites
• 3D display and 3D analysis of sensor data in real-time
• Connectability / data exchange with existing ground control stations
• 3D pre-mission plan allowing different sensor technology
• Archival storage of fl ight data

The UAV system is used succesfully by the German Army since March 2000 for reconnaisance missions in confl ict areas. For more information on the system, please visit the website of the manufacturer EMT, Ingenieurgesellschaft.

Tuesday, December 7, 2010

U.K., France, and Germany Continue Development Production Patria Mini UAV And Sperwer-B UAV

Patria Mini UAV And Sperwer-B UAV

The U.K., France, and Germany continue to lead Europe in the development and produc tion of UAVs, with over 90 different aircraft or variants, from some 30 manufacturers. Those platforms run the gamut from MAVs to multiton behemoths. The European Union’s basic UAV thrust has been to develop dual-use systems for military and civilian applications, thus broadening market demand both within the EU and worldwide. Numerous meetings during the past year have looked at ways to further cooperative development efforts among EU member states and companies. That includes synchronizing military research funded by the European Defense Agency with civil security and other commercial applications supported by the European Commission.
Patria Mini UAV And Sperwer-B UAV
At the same time, efforts are under way to implement regulations for UAVs to operate in the continent’s crowded, multinational airspace regulations that could benefit EU industry by limiting the degree to which U.S.- built UAVs meet the new standards. This is especially important to both EU and U.S. developers
of large platforms such as nEUROn and Global Hawk, as well as UCAVs, which are seen as a less expensive route than new manned fighters to enlarging air attack and air superiority capabilities. But adequate training
ranges within Europe are severely limited under current flight restrictions.

In January 2008, EDA awarded a €0.5- million contract to the Air4 All consortium comprising more than a dozen of Europe’s largest aerospace and defense contractors to develop a detailed road map for the integration of UAVs into European airspace by the end of 2015 at the latest. The project involves not just industry but also government air traffic and airworthiness agencies, as well as academic and private research groups, in an effort to address safety issues for both military and commercial UAV operations across the continent.

Meanwhile, as with U.S. programs, Europe’s militaries are finding new uses for the technologies they are receiving and are making ever greater demands on the R&D community to expand those applications.
One such development, from Germany’s EMT Penzberg, is the VOLANS covert optical airborne reconnaissance naval adapted system, which enables a modified mulversion of EMT’s Aladin hand-launched MAV to be catapulted from a submerged submarine.

Three MAVs can be packaged into a pressure-tight tank along with a folding catapult launcher and mounted to a telescoping multipurpose mast. The submarine need only rise to periscope depth to lift the launcher
above the surface and get the MAVs airborne. Signals from the MAVs can be retrieved through an antenna, allowing the submarine to extend its sensor range on the surface and in the air above it while remaining submerged.

The MAV could either transmit real-time data from within a 30-km range, if the submarine keeps its communications mast extended, or widen its patrol and rendezvous with the boat at a preselected time and location to download stored data, including video. Because the submarine would have to surface to recover the drones, they probably would be deployed on one-way missions. And any decision to launch the MAVs and risk having a well-equipped enemy track its broadcast signal to pinpoint the submarine’s location would make VOLANS a special-use-only system, such as providing a submarine-based special operations team with a current view of a target.