MQM-107A Streaker, MQM-74C Chukar II and Northrop MQM-36 Shelduck
Despite the fact Iran had been using American-made Beech MQM-107A Streaker and Northrop MQM-36 Shelduck and MQM-74C Chukar II aerial targets for target practice since the early 1970‘s, it did not introduce UAS in a reconnaissance/ surveillance role until early 1984 at the height of the war with Iraq, when a three-man Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) team demonstrated the potential of reconnaissance UAS to a group of sceptical Pasdaran commanders. The early efforts were not very successful, but the start of Iran’s major ground offensive, Operation Kheibar, in February 1984, in the Iraqi marshlands, which amplified the country’s need for timely intelligence, boosted the UAS prospects. Soon, the IRGC team managed to gain enough interest for further development of reconnaissance and attack UAS. The era of UAS was dawning in Iran, and from then on, it has played a major, and increasingly successful, role in collecting battlefield intelligence for Iranian military commanders.
|MQM-74C Chukar II|
|Northrop MQM-36 Shelduck|